Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and its land claimants
A pre- and post-land claim conservation and development history
Abstract. Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is located in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa and neighbouring Botswana. The local communities on the South African side, the Khomani San (Bushmen) and Mier living adjacent to the park have land rights inside and outside the park. The path from a history of land dispossession to being land owners has created conservation challenges manifested through heightened inter- and intra-community conflicts. The contestations for land and tourism development opportunities in and outside the park have drawn in powerful institutions such as the governments, South African National Parks, private safari companies, local interest groups and NGOs against relatively powerless local communities. This has consequently attracted national and international interest since it may result in further marginalization of the communities who lack the power to negotiate resource access. Moreover, the social and political system of the San is romanticized while little is reported about the Mier, who are an integral part of the park management system. To make these issues more accessible to a growing audience of interested parties and to better understand present conservation and development challenges and opportunities, this paper synthesizes information on the pre- and post-land restitution history of the park and the adjacent communities.
Apr 06, 2012
Traditional Communities And No-Take Protected Areas In Brazil
Conflicts And Rights
The study shows that the most of the cases involving conflicts protected areas (around 44.3%) are located in the Atlantic Forest, 30.3% in coastal areas,12.6% in the Amazonian region, 6.3% in the Caatinga ( Northeast Brazil) and 5.0% in the Cerrado (Savanah) and 1.2% in Pantanal.
Feb 15, 2012
Way Beyond Greenwashing
Have Corporations Captured Big Conservation?
With WWF leading the way, the conservation nonprofits have negotiated approval schemes for “Responsible” and “Sustainable” farmed commodity crops.
Feb 07, 2012
Tenure and Indigenous Peoples
The Importance Of Self-Determination, Territory, And Rights To Land And Other Natural Resources Property
In Africa, state-led conservation has a history of violating due process rights of local occupants, forced resettlements, destruction of property and farms, and even torture and extrajudicial killings. Estimates have placed the global number of conservation refugees at 130 million
Aug 20, 2011
The International Conference on Global Land Grabbing
Held in Brighton, UK on the 6-8th April 2011
This conference brought together an impressive array of analysis and experiences of land being lost to institutional economic pressures. A good number of the cases presented are linked to conservation – summaries of some examples below.
May 02, 2011
Protected Areas and Migration
The current edition of Conservation and Society has a special section on Protected Areas and Migration. A summary of three of them are presented here with their links.
Conservation and Society is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary open access journal dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of conservation.
Apr 09, 2011
Seeking New Paths to Conservation
Draft background paper - Seeking New Paths to Conservation Workshop, "SHARING POWER" Conference (January 2011)
This paper is intended to provoke discussion and generate better, shared understanding of the problems, the opportunities, and the options for nurturing concrete actions toward more socially-just and ecologically-sustainable conservation and development in significantly-large, geographically-defined places. The aim is to brainstorm ways to re-vision conservation as an integrated principle of "development", not conservation as set-asides nor partnerships with development plans and agents responsible for environmental damages and human rights violations. Please send comments, corrections, suggestions and additional information to email@example.com DRAFT 10 DECEMBER 2010
Dec 11, 2010
Conservation, Human Rights and Poverty Reduction
A progress report of an ongoing debate
In the context of the World Parks Congress and the World Conservation Conference much has been written about conservation, human rights and poverty reduction. While the debate has been productive, it has paid remarkably little attention to the problems of eviction from protected areas. Many protected areas in poor countries still contain people and a challenge facing conservationists is how to deal with future moves to displace people from existing protected areas as legislation tightens. We suggest three principles which will be useful as these developments unfold; 1) that the social impacts of protected areas need to be carefully monitored; 2) broadening our concerns to address the needs of all local communities, not just indigenous peoples; and 3) understanding the ecologies and social impacts of co-existence could win more land for conservation purposes than currently found in protected areas.
Sep 18, 2010