Factors of success in community forest conservation.
This article explores how relevant predictions from two theories (Olson, 1965; Ostrom, 1990) that underpin, either implicitly or explicitly, the design and implementation of Community Based Conservation (CBC) efforts were, in practice.
Abstract: Drawing on structured interviews of 29 conservation practitioners with first‐hand experience working with successful community forest conservation projects in eight countries around the world, this article explores how context influences the importance of Mancur Olson's five requisites for collective action, and Elinor Ostrom's eight design principles for effective common‐pool resource management. Results suggest that Olson was correct that social cohesion is a common attribute of successful community forest management efforts. But the survey also suggests that it is shared identity that is most the important contributor to cohesion and that this can occur largely absent of regular, positive face‐to‐face interactions as Olson suggests. Interviews also show that all eight of Ostrom's design principles are manifest by successful community forest conservation efforts. Although recognition of a community rights to self‐determination was reported to be essential, it was also considered insufficient without the timely and competent support of national authorities to help communities effectively exercise their rights when faced with threats from more economically and politically powerful external actors.
Mar 28, 2021
WWF Admitted “Sorrow” Over Human Rights Abuses
A 160-page report, in response to a BuzzFeed News investigation, found long-standing failures at the celebrated wildlife charity.
One of the world’s largest charities knew for years that it was funding alleged human rights abusers but repeatedly failed to address the issue, a lengthy, long-delayed report revealed on Tuesday.
Nov 25, 2020
Por qué salvar el planeta puede dañar a 300 millones de personas
Más de 120 organizaciones alertan en una carta abierta a la ONU de que los planes de conservación previstos para lograr el objetivo de proteger el 30% de la biodiversidad en 2030 provocará el desplazamiento forzado de miles de comunidades indígenas si no se cuenta con ellas
Sep 19, 2020
Dossier: hunting and human-wildlife conflict.
Hunting is a topic that attracts polarised viewpoints. But as Mark Rowe demonstrates, when it comes to limiting human-wildlife conflict and to wider conservation measures, it’s not always so simple.
Mention ‘hunting’ and most of us think of poaching – primarily for ivory and the demands of Chinese medicine – or trophy hunting (see maps below); and the unpalatable image of a triumphant (usually) white Westerner straddling a dead, charismatic mammal. But the issue is a much wider and more nuanced one.
Jun 05, 2020
Most laws ignore human-wildlife conflict—this makes us vulnerable to pandemics.
Never before have we seen how the human use of wildlife can yield such catastrophe, as we have with COVID-19.
Apr 10, 2020
Cornered by PAs:
Adopting rights-based approaches to enable cost-effective conservation and climate action
Progress on many commitments made in past decades to respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples in conservation is too limited.
Rights violations affect IPs culture, well-being, livelihoods, and security without evidence of resulting conservation outcomes. Protected Areas Financing is limited and heavily public spending, not support of Indigenous and community conservation. Regular global monitoring of progress and access to grievance are key to accelerate progress or secure conservation outcomes.
Mar 10, 2020
Why are people killed for protecting their natural lands?
Stories from Colombia, Indonesia and India
“Each year sets a new record for the murder of people defending their lands and the environment,” says Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, the UN special rapporteur on the rights of Indigenous peoples. “And thousands more are victims of violence or criminalization.”
Dec 31, 2019
A US Lawmaker Wants To Ban Funding For Conservation Groups That Support Human Rights Abuses
In the wake of a BuzzFeed News investigation, new legislation promises "to deter possibilities of future taxpayer-funded instances of torture, rape, and extrajudicial killings."
Dec 21, 2019