Factors of success in community forest conservation.
This article explores how relevant predictions from two theories (Olson, 1965; Ostrom, 1990) that underpin, either implicitly or explicitly, the design and implementation of Community Based Conservation (CBC) efforts were, in practice.
Abstract: Drawing on structured interviews of 29 conservation practitioners with first‐hand experience working with successful community forest conservation projects in eight countries around the world, this article explores how context influences the importance of Mancur Olson's five requisites for collective action, and Elinor Ostrom's eight design principles for effective common‐pool resource management. Results suggest that Olson was correct that social cohesion is a common attribute of successful community forest management efforts. But the survey also suggests that it is shared identity that is most the important contributor to cohesion and that this can occur largely absent of regular, positive face‐to‐face interactions as Olson suggests. Interviews also show that all eight of Ostrom's design principles are manifest by successful community forest conservation efforts. Although recognition of a community rights to self‐determination was reported to be essential, it was also considered insufficient without the timely and competent support of national authorities to help communities effectively exercise their rights when faced with threats from more economically and politically powerful external actors.
Mar 28, 2021
The bold plan to save Africa's largest forest.
The Congo Basin contains the world's second-largest rainforest, crucial for regulating the world's climate. Inside it, a plan to halt the forest's decline is bearing fruit.
Jan 09, 2021
WWF Admitted “Sorrow” Over Human Rights Abuses
A 160-page report, in response to a BuzzFeed News investigation, found long-standing failures at the celebrated wildlife charity.
One of the world’s largest charities knew for years that it was funding alleged human rights abusers but repeatedly failed to address the issue, a lengthy, long-delayed report revealed on Tuesday.
Nov 25, 2020
The Multiple Land Use Model of Ngorongoro Conservation Area, review proposal
In this blog post: The MLUM review proposal. Reactions to the MLUM review proposal. Majaliwa/Olenasha/Marekani horror show in Wasso. Now
On 22nd September 2019, what can only be described as a plan to kill pastoralism and Maasai culture and life in the whole of Ngorongoro district was presented at the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) headquarters.
Nov 04, 2020
US government stops funding to WWF, WCS and other conservation organisations because of human rights abuses
In autumn 2019, the US government suspended US$12.3 million of funding to the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE). This followed a bipartisan congressional oversight investigation to examine whether US conservation funds were supporting eco-guards who committed human rights abuses.
Oct 14, 2020
Five Years of Disappointment and Terror - Not Only in Loliondo
Five years of the fifth phase government in Tanzania are nearing their end.
I should write a summary of what has happened concerning the land threats in Loliondo and Ngorongoro district as a whole. This isn’t easy. Even with more fearful silence than ever, much has happened, and apparently insignificant events turn out significant with hindsight. The summary is too long, but I hope it will be read anyway and that those reading it will try to do something to stop the police state and the land alienation plans.
Oct 09, 2020
COMACO, from snares to plowshares:
A conservation and human wellbeing success story.
Community Markets for Conservation is a private sector, not-for-profit social
enterprise in Zambia. It was established in 2003 to halt wildlife poaching and
illegal tree cutting for charcoal by helping poor rural families to increase their
food and income security through improved farming practices and marketing
of value-added agricultural commodities. COMACO supports 178,891 farmers
in the Luangwa Valley, providing them with improved farming skills, seed
loans, a premium price for their crop surplus, and a dividend if they comply
with sustainable farming and wildlife, and forest conservation best practices.
Maize yields using COMACO methods increased by 63% and net income was
37% higher than for farmers who purchased inorganic fertilizers. Between
2012 and 2018 the number of food secure families increased from 67–84%. Elephant poaching has declined in all but one COMACO district, poaching is now
primarily conducted by nonlocal hunters, and leg-hold snare detections by
community game scouts have decreased significantly in COMACO areas.
Increasing food and income security while reducing deforestation and
unsustainable hunting for ~$US10 per farmer per year is cheap and can be replicated in Zambia and other nations in Africa.
Sep 29, 2020
Por qué salvar el planeta puede dañar a 300 millones de personas
Más de 120 organizaciones alertan en una carta abierta a la ONU de que los planes de conservación previstos para lograr el objetivo de proteger el 30% de la biodiversidad en 2030 provocará el desplazamiento forzado de miles de comunidades indígenas si no se cuenta con ellas
Sep 19, 2020